(常识翻译)四六级翻译100个常考词组~

四六级备考倒计时,翻译常考的词组在这里!

关于中国文化词汇大全,可以看这篇文章:

知米背单词:四六级翻译必备:中国文化词汇大全!3396 赞同 · 90 评论文章

1. 一想到… at the thought of

2. 就整体而论 as a whole

= in general

3. 随心所欲 at will

4. 富于,富有 (be) abundant in

= be rich in

= be well supplied with

5. 能接近,进入,了解 access (to) (不可数名词)

6. 偶然地,意外 by accident

= by chance

= accidentally

安全地 without accident

= safely

7. 自愿地,主动地 of ones own accord

= without being asked

= willingly

= freely

8. 与……一致 in accord with

同……不一致 out of ones accord with

9. 一致地 with one accord

= with everybody agreeing

10. 依照,根据 in accordance with

= in agreement with

11. 为了自己的利益 on ones own account

= at ones own risk (自行负责)

= by oneself (依靠自己)

12. 把……考虑进去 take… into account

= consider

13. 说明,解释 (理由) give sb. an account of

14. 解释,说明 account for

= give an explanation or reason for

15. 由于,因为 on account of

= because of

16. 绝不要,无论如何不要 on no account

= in no case

= for no reason

(放句首时句子要倒装)

17. 指控,控告 accuse…of…

= charge…with

= blame sb. for sth.

= blame sth. on sb.

= complain about

18. 习惯于 be accustomed to

= be in the habit of

= be used to

19. 了解 be acquainted with

= to have knowledge of

= to have met socially (熟悉)

20. act on 奉行,按照…行动

▶ act as 扮演

▶ act for 代理

21. 使自己适应于 adapt oneself to

= adjust oneself to

22. 改编,改写(以适应新的需要) adapt…(for)

= make sth. Suitable for a new need

23. 此外, 又, 加之 in addition

= besides

24. 除…外 in addition to

= as well as

= besides

= other than

25. 粘附;坚持,遵循 adhere to

= abide by

= conform to

= comply with

= cling to

= insist on

= persist in

= observe

= opinion

= belief

26. 毗邻的, 临近的 adjacent

= next to

= close to

27. 调节;适应 adjust… (to)

= change slightly

28. ……的可能,留有……的余地 admit of

= be capable of

= leave room for

29. 预告,事先 in advance

= before in time

30. 有利的,使优点更加突出 to advantage

31. have an advantage over 胜过

▶ have the advantage of 由于……处于有利条件

▶ have the advantage of sb. 知道某人所不知道的事

32. 利用 take advantage of

= make the best of

= utilize

= make use of

= profit from

= harness

33. agree with 赞同(某人意见)

▶ agree to 同意

34. 同意, 一致 in agreement (with)

35. ahead of 在……之前,超过……

▶ ahead of time 提前

36. in the air

1) 不肯定,不具体;

2) 在谣传中

37. 尤其是, 最重要的 above all

= especially

= most important of all

38. 总共, 总计 in all

= counting everyone or everything

= altogether

39. after all 毕竟,到底

▶ (not) at all 一点也不

▶ all at once = suddenly 突然

▶ once and for all 只此一次

▶ above all 最重要的

▶ first of all 首先

▶ all in all 大体上说

▶ be all in 累极了

▶ all but 几乎

40. 考虑到, 估计到 allow for

= take into consideration

= take into account

41. 总计,等于 amount to

= to be equal to

42. 对……负责 answer for

= undertake responsibility for

= be liable for

= take charge for

43. 适合,符合 answer to

= conform to

44. 为……焦急不安 be anxious about

= anxious for

45. 为…向…道歉 apologize to sb. for sth.

46. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁

▶ appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力

47. apply to sb. for sth. 为……向……申请

▶ apply for 申请

▶ apply to 适用

48. 与……有关,适用 apply to

49. 赞成 approve of

= consent to

= be in favor of

= favor

= agree to

= consider good

= right

50. 由……引起 arise from

= be caused by

51. 安排……做…… arrange for sb./sth. to do sth.

52. arrive on 到达

▶ arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出;

▶ arrive in 到达某地(大地方);

53. 以……为羞耻 be ashamed of

= feel shame

= guilt or sorrow because of sth. done

54. 向……保证,使……确信 assure sb. of sth.

= try to cause to believe or trust in sth.

55. 缚,系,结 attach (to)

= to fix

= fasten

= join

56. 试图做…… make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.)

57. attend to 注意,照顾

= give ones attention

= care and thought

▶ attend on (upon) 侍候,照料

= wait upon

= serve

= look after

58. 对……的态度,看法 attitude to/toward…

59. 把……归因于……,认为……是……的结果 attribute…to…

= to believe sth. to be the result of…

60. 平均 on the average

= on average

= on an average

61. 意识到,知道 (be) aware of

= be conscious of

= having knowledge or consciousness

62. 在……后面 at the back of

= behind

63. in the back of 在…后部(里面)

▶ on the back of 在…后部(外面)

▶ be on ones back 卧病不起

= be ill in bed

64. at ones back 支持,维护

=supporting or favoring sb.

▶ have sb. at ones back 有……支持,有……作后台

65. 不理睬(某人),背弃,抛弃 turn ones back on sb.

= turn away from sb. in an impolite way

66. 背着某人(说坏话) behind ones back

67. 基于 be based on/upon

68. 根据……,在……基础上 on the basis of

69. 在……运动项目上打赢 beat…at

70. begin with 以……开始

▶ to begin with 首先, 第一(经常用于开始语)

= first of all

71. 以……名义 on behalf of

= as the representative of

72. 相信,依赖,信仰 believe in

= have faith or trust in

= consider sth./sb. to be true

73. 受益,得到好处 benefit (from)

74. 为了…的利益(好处) for the benefit of

75. 好转 for the better

76. 打败,胜过 get the better of

= defeat sb.

77. by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统

▶ at birth 在出生时

▶ give birth to 出生

78. blame sb. for sth. 因……责备……

▶ blame sth. on sb. 把……推在……身上

79. in blossom 开花(指树木)

▶ be in blossom 开花(强调状态)

▶ come into blossom 开花(强调动作)

80. 到船上,在船上,上火车或飞机 on board

81. 吹嘘 boast of (or about)

82. 喘不过气来 out of breath

83. 简言之 in brief

= in as few words as possible

84. 成批地,不散装的 in bulk

85. 起立发言 take the floor

86. 出差办事 on business

87. be busy with sth. 忙于某事

▶ be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事

88. 倒数第二 last but one

89. 要不是,表示假设 but for

= without

90. 用多少钱买 buy sth. for…money

91. be capable of 能够,有能力

▶ be capable of being 过去分词 能够被……的

92. 无论如何 in any case

= for love or money

= at any rate

= at any price

= at any cost

= whatever happens

= anyhow

93. 万一 in case

= for fear that

94. 如果发生……万一 in case of

= in the event of

▶ in the case of 至于……, 就……而言

95. 在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句) in no case

96. 谨防 be cautious of

97. 把某人的注意力集中在……上 center ones attention on

= focus ones attention on

98. 有把握,一定 be certain of

= be sure of

99. 肯定地,有把握地 for certain of

= for sure

100. 偶然 by chance

= accidentally

= by accident

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