(常识翻译)23考研外刊阅读《今日心理学》双语精读版训练–揭秘颜色与情绪…

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上期翻译答案

Pressurecan bea positive force for competitors who leverage it to rise to the occasion, but it can also single-handedly dictate competitive failure.

对于那些能够利用压力的斗士来说,压力可能是一种积极的力量,但压力也可能成为失利的决定性因素。

1.rise to the occasion:to deal successfully with a difficult situation or problem, especially by working harder or performing better than usual

2.single-handedly:if one person does something single-handedly, they do it without help from anyone else 这里表示的是影响力之大

《本期内容》

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人们经常在语言中把颜色和情感联系起来。例如,“seeing red”表示某人生气了。研究表明,来自30个国家的人们很容易将颜色和情绪联系起来,而且这些联系似乎是普遍存在的。

双语阅读

First, all participants found it quite easy to link colors and emotions. This was particularly true for colors like red, black, or yellow. Other colors, like brown and purple, received fewer associations. We found that color-emotion associations were not one-to-one, but many-to-many. Participants did not select one emotion for a color, but often chose several emotions. In turn, different colors were linked to the same emotion, like pleasure, which was associated with red but also yellow, orange, pink, purple, andturquoise.

首先,所有的参与者都发现很容易把颜色和情绪联系起来。对于红色、黑色或黄色等颜色来说尤为如此。其他颜色,例如棕色和紫色,与情绪的联系要更少一些。我们发现颜色与情感的联系不是一对一的,而是多对多的。参与者不会为一种颜色选择一种情绪,而是经常为一种颜色选择多种情绪。然后,不同的颜色会与同一种情绪联系起来,比如快乐,会与红色、黄色、橙色、粉色、紫色和蓝绿色联系起来。

What you can also see is that most colors were associated with positive emotions. Only brown, grey, and black—that is, darker colors—were associated with negative emotions. Red was the most controversial color in terms ofvalence. For some, it was a very positive color—the color of passion, love, and desire. For others, it was a negative color—the color of danger, anger, and hate. For even others, it was both positive and negative. What connects all these emotions and ideas is the fact that red is empowering, activating, and strong.

你还可以看到,大多数颜色都与积极情绪有关。只有棕色、灰色和黑色——即较深的颜色——与负面情绪有关。就颜色对人们情绪的影响而言,红色是最有争议的颜色。对一些人来说,红色是一种非常积极的颜色——是代表激情、爱和欲望的颜色。对另一些人来说,红色是消极的颜色——是代表危险、愤怒和仇恨的颜色。甚至对某些人来说,红色既是积极的也是消极的。把这些情绪和想法联系起来的关键在于,红色是力量感的、积极的和强大的。

Second, we found few cultural differences. In other words, many color-emotion associations seemed universal. Most participants agreed that pink was associated with love and pleasure, yellow with joy and amusement, or that black was the saddest color. If you look atTable2, you can see that all colors apart from purple showed a very high agreement across countries.

其次,我们发现几乎不存在文化差异。换句话说,很多颜色与情绪存在联系似乎很普遍。大多数参与者认为,粉色与爱和快乐有关,黄色与欣悦和娱乐有关,或者黑色是最悲伤的颜色。如果你看表2,你会发现除了紫色以外的颜色,各地对于情绪和颜色的联系都表现出很高的一致性。

Third, if you are interested in cultural differences, we found some specificities too. For example, in addition to the universal associations of love and anger with red, Chinese participants also associated joy and amusement, while Nigerian participants additionally associated fear with red. Another example is the association between purple and sadness that only Greek participants chose. For others, purple was generally a positive color with very little agreement on the exact emotions associated with purple. We can say that purple was the most controversial color of all!

第三,如果你对文化差异感兴趣,我们也发现了一些特殊性。例如,除了人们普遍把爱和愤怒与红色联系在一起外,中国的参与者还会把快乐和娱乐与红色联系起来,而尼日利亚的人则将恐惧与红色联系起来。另一个例子是只有希腊的参与者选择把紫色和悲伤联系起来。翻译划线句,长按文末小程序码打卡,答案下期公布~我们可以说紫色是最具争议的颜色!

Fourth, participants whose languages were more similar to each other also had more similar associations. Toarrive atthis finding, we estimated the degree of linguistic similarity between two languages, which shows how related or unrelated they are. And then, languages from different language families, like English and Chinese, would have the lowest similarity scores.

第四,语言更相似的参与者也有更多相似的联想。为了明确这一发现,我们估算了两种语言的相似程度,可以表现出两种语言是否相关。来自于不同语系的语言,例如英语和中文,其相似性得分最低。

本文节选自:Psychology Today(今日心理学)

发布时间:2022.02.08

作者:Christine Mohr, Ph.D., and Domicele Jonauskaite, Ph.D.

原文标题:Associations Between Colors and Emotions Are Universal

词汇积累

1.turquoise

英 /ˈtɜːkwɔɪz/ 美 /ˈtɜːkwɔɪz/

n.绿松石;蓝绿色

adj.蓝绿色的

2.valence

英 /ˈveɪləns/ 美 /ˈveɪləns/

n.[化学]价;[化学]原子价;[化学]化合价

3.table

英 /ˈteɪbəl/ 美 /ˈteɪbəl/

n. 桌子,枱子; 谈判桌; 列表

v. 正式提出,提交(议案); 搁置,暂缓审议

4.universal

英 /ˌjuːnɪˈvɜːsəl/ 美 /ˌjuːnɪˈvɜːsəl/

adj. 普遍的,全体的,全世界的; 通用的,万能的; 全称的,总称的

n. 普遍原则;普遍看法;全称命题; 一般概念

词组搭配

1.arrive at 到达某地;达成...目的

写作句总结

In other words, many color-emotion associations seemed universal.

结构: In other words, many … associations seemed universal.

换句话说,很多…存在联系似乎很普遍

例句: In other words, many weather-emotion associations seemed universal.

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